You need two pieces of software to have Linux machine going under your laptop: The virtualization software, and an image of the operating system you plan to stage in your Virtual Machine (VM). Trying to keep this article as short as possible, any issues with hardware requirements and licensing for production use are left outside.
Identify the combination of virtualization software and Linux platform you need. This demo will install Oracle VM VirtualBox and deploy UBUNTU 18.04 64 bit, on a laptop running Windows 10 Home
Once done, it is time to launch the VirtualBox and create the virtual machine. Find the “Oracle VM VirtualBox” icon on your desktop or program group. It looks like this:
When it has launched, click on the left-most icon in the toolbar (“New”) then provide a name for your VM, the type and the version. This should much the Linux distro you have downloaded.
In the next three pages of the install process you need to create a Virtual Hard Disk. The simplest choice is to select VHD (Virtual Hard Disk)/Fixed size. The distro notes should point to a minimum disk requirement (see above screenshot)
…The first time you launch your VM, it will ask
for a start-up disk. This will be the Linux distribution file that we downloaded:
From then on, there will be a Welcome dialogue (similar to any startup installation such those that come in smartphones).